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iron and steel making process

The BOS process uses pure oxygen, injected by a lance, for refining the relatively impure hot metal (and scrap is used for temperature control). The electric arc furnace uses primarily electrical energy to supply heat to melt scrap steel, sponge iron, or mixtures of scrap and other iron units. Compared to the BOS process, the EAF requires

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  • 12.5 Iron And Steel Production
    12.5 Iron And Steel Production

    The production of steel in an EAF is a batch process. Cycles, or heats , range from about 1-1/2 to 5 hours to produce carbon steel and from 5 to 10 hours or more to produce alloy steel. Scrap steel is charged to begin a cycle, and alloying agents and slag materials are added for refining. Stages

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  • Infographic: the Iron and Steel Manufacturing Process
    Infographic: the Iron and Steel Manufacturing Process

    Jun 04, 2015 Jun 04, 2015 Steel is made primarily in a two-step process. In the primary steelmaking step, liquid iron is converted into steel by the basic oxygen furnace (BOF) process, or by melting scrap steel or direct reduced iron (DRI) in an electric arc furnace. Secondary steelmaking is a refining process in which alloying metals are added and impurities are removed

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  • Ironmaking and steelmaking
    Ironmaking and steelmaking

    phenomena (heat, mass and momentum) to the process steps in Iron and Steelmaking as practiced in integrated steel plants. Be able to understand basic layout of blast furnace, steelmaking shop and continuous casting process. To develop computational and mathematical abilities to be applied for process design and control

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  • Iron and Steel Manufacturing
    Iron and Steel Manufacturing

    Iron and Steel Manufacturing Industry Description and Practices Steel is manufactured by the chemical reduction of iron ore, using an integrated steel manufac-turing process or a direct reduction process. In the conventional integrated steel manufacturing process, the iron from the blast furnace is con-verted to steel in a basic oxygen furnace

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  • Chapter 73. Iron and Steel
    Chapter 73. Iron and Steel

    American Iron and Steel Institute. Iron making. The overall flow line of iron and steel making is shown in figure 73.4. Figure 73.4 Flow line of steel making. For iron making, the essential feature is the blast furnace, where iron ore is melted (reduced) to produce pig iron

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  • Steel Manufacturing Process - Association for Iron & Steel
    Steel Manufacturing Process - Association for Iron & Steel

    The process starts in the center of the wheel with the three main ingredients of iron in the form of iron ore, coke and lime, which are fed into a blast furnace to produce molten iron. The molten iron is mixed with recycled steel scrap and further processed in a basic oxygen furnace to make steel

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  • Steel Production - American Iron and Steel Institute
    Steel Production - American Iron and Steel Institute

    The blast furnace uses coke, iron ore and limestone to produce pig iron. Coal is a key part of the coke-making process. The coal is crushed and ground into a powder and then charged into an oven where it is heated to approximately 1800 F in the absence of oxygen

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  • (PDF) iron-steel making From start to finish
    (PDF) iron-steel making From start to finish

    THEIS PRECISION STEEL INDIA PVT. L TD., NAVSARI, GUJAR AT 3. History of Iron making : 1. 3500BC Beads in Ancient Egypt for iron. 2. First Iron Production 3000BC Syria and Mesopotamia. the

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  • Steelmaking Process - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
    Steelmaking Process - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    During the steelmaking process, fluxes that consist of lime (CaO) or dolomitic lime, with iron and scraps, are charged to the furnace.There is a certain amount of free lime (f-CaO) in steel slag. Free lime, with a specific gravity of 3.34, can react with water to produce Ca(OH) 2, with a specific gravity of 2.23, which results in volume increase (Fig. 9.1)

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  • 1A Manufacturing Process for Iron and Steel
    1A Manufacturing Process for Iron and Steel

    The smelting and refining process for iron and steel in the BF-BOF process involves the carbon reduction of iron ore (Fe 2 O 3) in the BF to make molten iron, and decarburization of molten iron in the BOF to make molten steel. Major reducing agent in the BF is the carbon monoxide gas(CO) generated by the oxidation of the carbon(C) in coke

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  • (PDF) Basic Concepts of Iron and Steel Making
    (PDF) Basic Concepts of Iron and Steel Making

    This book presents the fundamentals of iron and steel making, including the physical chemistry, thermodynamics and key concepts, while also discussing associated problems and solutions

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  • Steelmaking Process V8 CMYK
    Steelmaking Process V8 CMYK

    Iron ore The range of input values differ according to route Ironmaking Steelmaking Semi-finished products Hot-rolled products Long Products Flat Products Finishing operations Limestone Coal Scrap Alternative fuels Natural gas Billets Blooms Slabs worldsteel.org Co-products and their uses Please note: This diagram aims to show steelmaking today

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  • Production of iron and steel - SlideShare
    Production of iron and steel - SlideShare

    Apr 27, 2015 Apr 27, 2015 21. 4/27/2015 22 Introduction - Production of Iron & Steel Steel is essential to everyday life cars, trains, buildings, ships, bridges, refrigerators, medical equipment, for example, are all made with steel. Raw Materials - A blast furnace Uses iron ore, coke (made from specialist coking coals) and small quantities of limestone (iron ore, coke

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